Project name: CRAFT: Developing a Novel Climate Change Risk Assessment Framework for Cultural Heritage in Türkiye

Funding Agency: UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) (, Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF)

Project Objective: To evaluate the impact of landslides and flash flooding on selected cultural heritage sites in Istanbul under future climate scenarios by developing susceptibility / vulnerability maps via Geographic Information Systems

Türkiye is one of the most archaeologically andculturally rich places in the World

with 18 UNESCO World Heritage sites, and anadditional 85 locations in the tentative

list ( Flooding and landslides are

someof the most destructive types of natural disasters in Türkiye. Flood impacts

inTürkiye are felt severely in major cities of the country, especially in

recentyears. Istanbul (the largest city of Türkiye with 15 million inhabitants)

andits UNESCO World Heritage historical areas have recently suffered from

frequentfloods as a result of intense rainfalls under a changing climate.

There are clear indications of shifts inclimatic patterns all around the world.

Climate change prediction studies haveanticipated that the possibilities of

occurring of extreme precipitation andfloods in Marmara and Black Sea regions in

Türkiye will increase. There is an urgent need for flooding and

landslidesusceptibility mapping of cultural heritage and risk management of

monuments inTürkiye, particularly in Istanbul, as was also noted by the

InternationalCouncil on Monuments and Sites, ICOMOS.

This research is a direct response to this urgent need. Amultidisciplinary team of

experts from Durham University (UK), Middle EastTechnical University and Yildiz

Technical University in Türkiye will work withthe Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality

and National Disaster Agency (AFAD),carrying out risk assessment studies for long

and short term negative effectscaused by climate change, primarily floods and

landslides for HistoricalPeninsula and the UNESCO World Heritage sites in

Istanbul. With this pilotstudy will be developed a novel climate change risk

assessment framework forcultural heritage in Türkiye.

The main aim of this research is to reach a more resilient andsustainable heritage

within Istanbul by utilizing from a novel methodology thatwill direct investments

for those assets to be more efficient. This aimdirectly addresses the United Nations

Sustainable Development Goals Nr.11:Sustainable Cities and Communities; in which,

4th target is to "strengthenefforts to protect and safeguard the world's cultural

and natural heritage".

Project Duration: 1 December 2020 – 31 March 2022

Total Budget: 149947 GBP



  • Ashraf Osman, Durham University, UK (project coordinator)
  • Nejan Huvaj, Middle East Technical University, TR (TR local coordinator)
  • Meltem Şenol Balaban, METU
  • Zeynep Gül Ünal, Yıldız Technical University
  • David Toll, Durham
  • Marti Lloret-Cabot, Durham
  • Michael Anthony Crang, Durham
  • Mehmet Akif Alkan, AFAD
  • Betül Konukçu, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
  • Emin Yahya Menteşe, Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Reseach Institute
  • Samprada Pradhan, Durham
  • Olgu Orakcı, METU
  • Banu Gökmen Erdoğan, YTU
  • Anıl Tarancı, METU
  • Zeynep Ece Atabay, YTU
  • Aynur Uluç, METU

Last Updated:
06/07/2022 - 15:43